During the Late Period, Set is depicted as a donkey or as having a donkey's head. The earliest representations of what might be the Set animal comes from a tomb dating to the Amratian culture "Naqada I" of prehistoric Egypt BC— BC , though this identification is uncertain. The head and the forked tail of the Set animal are clearly present. A major element of Set's mythology was his conflict with his brother or nephew, Horus , for the throne of Egypt.
The contest between them is often violent but is also described as a legal judgment before the Ennead , an assembled group of Egyptian deities, to decide who should inherit the kingship. The judge in this trial may be Geb, who, as the father of Osiris and Set, held the throne before they did, or it may be the creator gods Ra or Atum, the originators of kingship. The rivalry of Horus and Set is portrayed in two contrasting ways. Both perspectives appear as early as the Pyramid Texts , the earliest source of the myth.
In some spells from these texts, Horus is the son of Osiris and nephew of Set, and the murder of Osiris is the major impetus for the conflict.
The other tradition depicts Horus and Set as brothers. The divine struggle involves many episodes.
In this account, Horus repeatedly defeats Set and is supported by most of the other deities. At one point Isis attempts to harpoon Set as he is locked in combat with her son, but she strikes Horus instead, who then cuts off her head in a fit of rage. In a key episode in the conflict, Set sexually abuses Horus.
Set's violation is partly meant to degrade his rival, but it also involves homosexual desire, in keeping with one of Set's major characteristics, his forceful, potent, and indiscriminate sexuality. According to some texts, Set's semen enters Horus's body and makes him ill, but in "Contendings", Horus thwarts Set by catching Set's semen in his hands. Isis retaliates by putting Horus's semen on lettuce-leaves that Set eats. Set's defeat becomes apparent when this semen appears on his forehead as a golden disk.
He has been impregnated with his rival's seed and as a result "gives birth" to the disk.
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In "Contendings", Thoth takes the disk and places it on his own head; in earlier accounts, it is Thoth who is produced by this anomalous birth. Another important episode concerns mutilations that the combatants inflict upon each other: Horus injures or steals Set's testicles and Set damages or tears out one, or occasionally both, of Horus's eyes.
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Sometimes the eye is torn into pieces. One of Horus's major roles is as a sky deity, and for this reason his right eye was said to be the sun and his left eye the moon. The theft or destruction of the Eye of Horus is therefore equated with the darkening of the moon in the course of its cycle of phases, or during eclipses.
Horus may take back his lost Eye, or other deities, including Isis, Thoth, and Hathor, may retrieve or heal it for him. If so, the episodes of mutilation and sexual abuse would form a single story, in which Set assaults Horus and loses semen to him, Horus retaliates and impregnates Set, and Set comes into possession of Horus's Eye when it appears on Set's head. Because Thoth is a moon deity in addition to his other functions, it would make sense, according to te Velde, for Thoth to emerge in the form of the Eye and step in to mediate between the feuding deities. In any case, the restoration of the Eye of Horus to wholeness represents the return of the moon to full brightness,  the return of the kingship to Horus,  and many other aspects of maat.
Set was depicted standing on the prow of Ra 's barge defeating the dark serpent Apep.
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In some Late Period representations, such as in the Persian Period Temple of Hibis at Khargah , Set was represented in this role with a falcon 's head, taking on the guise of Horus. In the Amduat Set is described as having a key role in overcoming Apep.
They chose Set, originally Upper Egypt's chief god, the god of foreigners and the god they found most similar to their own chief god, as their patron. Set then became worshiped as the chief god once again.necciabacwend.tk
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The Hyksos King Apophis is recorded as worshiping Set exclusively , as described in the following passage:. He did not worship any other deity in the whole land except Seth. Jan Assmann argues that because the ancient Egyptians could never conceive of a "lonely" god lacking personality, Seth the desert god, who was worshiped on his own, represented a manifestation of evil. When, c. The Set cult at Avaris flourished, nevertheless, and the Egyptian garrison of Ahmose stationed there became part of the priesthood of Set. The founder of the Nineteenth Dynasty , Ramesses I came from a military family from Avaris with strong ties to the priesthood of Set.
Set also became associated with foreign gods during the New Kingdom , particularly in the delta. Set was also identified by the Egyptians with the Hittite deity Teshub , who, like Set, was a storm god. According to Herman te Velde, the demonization of Set took place after Egypt's conquest by several foreign nations in the Third Intermediate and Late Periods.
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Set, who had traditionally been the god of foreigners, thus also became associated with foreign oppressors, including the Assyrian and Persian empires. Set's negative aspects were emphasized during this period.
Set was the killer of Osiris, having hacked Osiris' body into pieces and dispersed it so that he could not be resurrected. The Greeks would later associate Set with Typhon , a monstrous and evil force of raging nature. Nevertheless, throughout this period, in some outlying regions of Egypt, Set was still regarded as the heroic chief deity. I have friends who are exceptions to this rule and hate all religions equally but, sadly, it does appear to be a rule.
Part of it may be explained by the nannying instinct of the Left, in which it immediately sides with minorities and underdogs simply because they are minorities and underdogs. And, despite universally disliking religion, Julian claims some are more dangerous than others. It used to be the case that priests had their own courts. This reformation of Christianity and Christian societies years ago means that, perhaps surprisingly, Julian is one of the most vocal advocates of the continued establishment of the Church of England — something not entirely popular with libertarians — but which Julian believes is an institution to have benefited from nationalisation.
But then, one should not expect predictable views from the offspring of a clergyman and an atheist Communist who grew up in Nigeria and Singapore.